Almost 5-10% of trauma cases suffer from fracture of facial bones. These can cause facial deformity but also problems with breathing, chewing, closing mouth and vision.
Initially swelling and hematoma may make it difficult to diagnose the exact source of fracture. This is where an experienced trauma and maxillofacial surgeon with their expertise along with appropriate imaging comes in for proper diagnosis.

Types of Facial Fractures / Injuries

  • Nasal (broken nose)
  • Orbital (involving eye socket only)
  • Frontal (forehead bone)
  • Zygomatic (involving cheekbones)
  • Maxillary and/or Mandibular (involving jaw bones)
  • Tripod (involving eye socket, cheekbones and jaw bones)
  • Mid – face (Le Fort fractures)
  • Pan facial (involving multiple facial bones)

What are the symptoms of facial fractures?

Depending on the bone fractured, different symptoms may be observed:
  • Bruising and swelling on face
  • Nosebleeds and difficulty in breathing
  • Blurring of vision
  • Difficulty in moving eyes in different directions
  • Difficulty in opening mouth
  • Pain while chewing or speaking
  • Injury or loosening of teeth
  • Depression of cheek bones
  • Step like defect of bones on face
  • Loss of sensation if nerve damage is there too

How to treat facial fractures?

Facial fractures require immediate attention. Firstly, thorough assessment is required to see type of fracture and rule out life threatening complications. Then, initial soft tissue injury are managed with ATLS guidelines. Following this, surgical management for fracture is done which will involve reduction (resetting the bone back in original place) and fixation (that keeps the bone stable in that place).
There is a vastly experienced team of Surgeons, anaesthesiologists, other dental faculties at SSCDS Dental Clinics to manage traumatic injuries and we provide these services at affordable costs.